SSL and TLS are protocols used for securing the communication between web browsers and web servers. SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer, while TLS stands for Transport Layer Security. TLS is an updated and more secure version of SSL, and it has since replaced SSL as the industry standard protocol for secure communication over the internet. Both SSL and TLS provide a secure and encrypted connection, which helps to protect sensitive data such as login credentials, credit card numbers, and other personal information from being intercepted by unauthorized parties. They use a combination of public and private keys to encrypt data transmitted between the web browser and the web server.

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